Egypt's geographical location lends an important aspect to the maritime transport sector. Overlooking both the Mediterranean and Red seas linked by the Suez Canal; Egypt realized its role at an international level. The government overplayed the infra structure of a great maritime industry by building ports and supplying them with high tech. equipments to handle cargoes and passengers.
Among the most important ports are Alexandria which is the biggest port in Egypt, Dekheila Port which is a natural extend to Alexandria Port. Damietta Port which has the largest container terminal and most sophisticated equipments in the Middle East, and ports Said and Suez at both ends of the Suez canal.
It is historically recorded in 1874 B.C., Egypt was the first country to dig a man-made canal across its lands to link the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea via the Nile River and its branches. That Canal was abandoned and reopened several times then later named "The Suez canal". It was opened for international navigation on 17 November 1869 A.D.